Ганза

Борьба за Балтику: закат Ганзы

Во второй половине XV века Ганза столкнулась с мощным противодействием практически по всем направленям и вынуждена была вести долгие, упорные и разорительные войны с Англией, Данией, Бургундией и даже внутри себя. В 1512 году Ганза окончательно уступила датчанам и допустила голландцев в Балтийское море.
Читать далее Толкователь | 13.02.2019 | 

Борьба за Балтику: взлет Ганзы

Первая часть исторического триллера от Сергея Махова о перипетиях борьбы за Балтийское море и европейскую торговлю в целом в XIV-XVI веках. Откуда взялась Ганза, почему она на полторы-две сотни лет подмяла под себя балтийские торговые маршруты и как она обошлась с потомками викингов из Дании.
Читать далее Толкователь | 09.02.2019 | 
APage Object ( [tmpl_path:APage:private] => themes/ [banner:protected] => ABanner Object ( ) [needAuth:protected] => [archiveMonth] => [settings] => Array ( [SITE_NAME] => RedDVL [SLOGAN] => Автономный блог пользователей Северной Евразии [SITE_URL] => https://RedDVL.com/ [COPYRIGHT] => НАХОДИТСЯ В БАНЕРАХ [CONTACT_EMAIL] => info@reddevol.com [PAGE_SIZE] => 20 [LAST_COUNT] => 24 [RELATED_COUNT] => 12 [timestamp] => 1591436782 ) [month_name] => Array ( [0] => 0 [1] => Январь [2] => Февряль [3] => Март [4] => Апрель [5] => Май [6] => Июнь [7] => Июль [8] => Август [9] => Сентябрь [10] => Октябрь [11] => Ноябрь [12] => Декабрь ) [db:protected] => ADB Object ( [dbh:ADB:private] => mysqli Object ( [affected_rows] => 8 [client_info] => mysqlnd 5.0.12-dev - 20150407 - $Id: 3591daad22de08524295e1bd073aceeff11e6579 $ [client_version] => 50012 [connect_errno] => 0 [connect_error] => [errno] => 0 [error] => [error_list] => Array ( ) [field_count] => 6 [host_info] => mysql via TCP/IP [info] => [insert_id] => 0 [server_info] => 5.5.5-10.1.44-MariaDB-0ubuntu0.18.04.1 [server_version] => 100144 [stat] => Uptime: 4536610 Threads: 5 Questions: 3072938230 Slow queries: 43463 Opens: 1264059 Flush tables: 1 Open tables: 7999 Queries per second avg: 677.364 [sqlstate] => 00000 [protocol_version] => 10 [thread_id] => 59645126 [warning_count] => 0 ) [host:ADB:private] => mysql [port:ADB:private] => 3306 [user:ADB:private] => c11_rdvl [password:ADB:private] => xpFnzQQ!8U [dbName:ADB:private] => c11_reddev [codePage:ADB:private] => utf8 [queriesCount:ADB:private] => 0 [queries:ADB:private] => Array ( ) [debugMode] => ) [xmlb:protected] => AXMLBuilder Object ( [xml:AXMLBuilder:private] => Array ( [data] => RedDVLАвтономный блог пользователей Северной Евразии https://RedDVL.com/НАХОДИТСЯ В БАНЕРАХinfo@reddevol.com2024121591436782146Ганзаganza21142258Борьба за Балтику: закат Ганзы13.02.20190000-00-00 00:00:0016000Во второй половине XV века Ганза столкнулась с мощным противодействием практически по всем направленям и вынуждена была вести долгие, упорные и разорительные войны с Англией, Данией, Бургундией и даже внутри себя. В 1512 году Ганза окончательно уступила датчанам и допустила голландцев в Балтийское море.258.jpg#1920#1080258_s.jpg#300#168borba_za_baltiku_zakat_ganzyiИстория,Флот,Ганза,Махов011102019-02-13 14:18:2901550059500tolkovatelТолкователь256Борьба за Балтику: взлет Ганзы09.02.20190000-00-00 00:00:0016000Первая часть исторического триллера от Сергея Махова о перипетиях борьбы за Балтийское море и европейскую торговлю в целом в XIV-XVI веках. Откуда взялась Ганза, почему она на полторы-две сотни лет подмяла под себя балтийские торговые маршруты и как она обошлась с потомками викингов из Дании.256.jpg#1080#868256_s.jpg#300#241borba_za_baltiku_vzlet_ganzyiИстория,Флот,Ганза,Махов011102019-02-08 22:28:5501549741620tolkovatelТолкователь146Ганзаganza21142144Маховmahov51140102Историяistoriya3619836Флотflot22132/themess/ganza/211209Чиновникиofficials1110Политикаpolitics2111Экономикаeconomics3112Наукаscience4113Бизнесbuisiness5114Историяhistory6115Обществоsocial7116Толковательtolkovatel81Суббота, 6 Июня 2020 12:46 [main] => 10RedDVL: автономный блог авторского мнения/RedDVL: автономный блог авторского мнения<p><strong>Развлекательно-аналитический блог пользователей Северной Евразии: безответственная аналитика, нелицензированная конспирология и экспертиза без доверия.</strong></p> Reddevol, RedDVL, versammlung von geruechten, Москвабад, Ресурсная Федерация, Пыня, Путин, Рогозин, Роскосмос, Война, Армия, Армата, Сармат, экономика, ВПК, нефть, газ, Сечин, Роснефть, Украина, Крым, майдан, финансы, индустриализация, банки, набиуллина, рубль, археология, антропология, палеополитология, нелицензированная конспирология, эксперты на доверии, Сталин, ВОВа, металлургия, машиностроение, экспорт, импорт, бабло, финансы, Киев, СССР, Кущевка, Зимняя вишня, пожары, торговые центры, милитократия, вахтеры, пенсии, доллар, ревизионизм, безответственная аналитика, СССР, Северная Евразия, Белоруссия, Казахстан, Четвертый Рейх, Бумеранг, конверсия, Луна, Марс, best russian expert blog, Russia as a colony of the European Union, Putin, ФСБ, КГБ, ядерная война, вахтеры, милитократы, присваивающая экономика, работающая бедность, друзья Сапожника, Галковский, утиные истории, секта утят, РесФед, почему русские бедные, РНГ, nuclear war of Russia and the United States, window 2018-2022 years, профессиональные русские, политические евреи, доллар, история, appropriating economy of northern eurasia, confrontation between Russia and the West, Япония, Китай, Курилы, when Putin disappears0022111021Верхнее менюВерхнее меню1044111042Рубрикиcategories/categories/categoriesРубрики00771110164Чиновникиofficials/categories/officials/articles/category/officialsЧиновники00001110174Политикаpolitics/categories/politics/articles/category/politicsПолитика 00001120224Бизнесbuisiness/categories/buisiness/articles/category/buisinessБизнес00001130234Историяhistory/categories/history/articles/category/historyИстория00001140244Обществоsocial/categories/social/articles/category/socialОбщество00001150254Экономикаeconomics/categories/economics/articles/category/economicsЭкономика00001160304Наукаscience/categories/science/articles/category/scienceНаука0000117062Темыthemes/themes/themesТемыТемы развлекательно-аналитического сайта RedDVL0000112072Толковательtolkovatel/tolkovatel/articles/category/tolkovatelТолковательМикро-блог развлекательно-аналитического сайта RedDVL: краткие мысли, легкая конспирология и недетский фан.RedDVL, прогноз, анализ, толкование, толкователь, reddevol00001130192Архивarchive/archive/archiveАрхив0000114031Нижнее менюНижнее меню1041112083О блогеabout/aboutО блогеRedDVL, О блоге00001110 [] => 121000<p>RuCompromat.Com &reg; 16+<br /> <!--LiveInternet counter--><script type="text/javascript"><!-- document.write("<a href='http://www.liveinternet.ru/click' "+ "target=_blank><img src='//counter.yadro.ru/hit?t24.6;r"+ escape(document.referrer)+((typeof(screen)=="undefined")?"": ";s"+screen.width+"*"+screen.height+"*"+(screen.colorDepth? screen.colorDepth:screen.pixelDepth))+";u"+escape(document.URL)+ ";"+Math.random()+ "' alt='' title='LiveInternet: показано число посетителей за"+ " сегодня' "+ "border='0' width='88' height='15'><\/a>") //--></script><!--/LiveInternet--><br /> &nbsp;</p> ) [xslFile:AXMLBuilder:private] => themes/theme.xsl [lastTransformTime:AXMLBuilder:private] => 0,013399124145508 ) [pageId:protected] => 0 [pages:protected] => APages Object ( [pathIDs:APages:private] => Array ( [0] => 29 ) [xml_type:protected] => 1 [docId] => 29 [db:protected] => ADB Object ( [dbh:ADB:private] => mysqli Object ( [affected_rows] => -1 [client_info] => mysqlnd 5.0.12-dev - 20150407 - $Id: 3591daad22de08524295e1bd073aceeff11e6579 $ [client_version] => 50012 [connect_errno] => 0 [connect_error] => [errno] => 0 [error] => [error_list] => Array ( ) [field_count] => 6 [host_info] => mysql via TCP/IP [info] => [insert_id] => 0 [server_info] => 5.5.5-10.1.44-MariaDB-0ubuntu0.18.04.1 [server_version] => 100144 [stat] => Uptime: 4536610 Threads: 5 Questions: 3072938230 Slow queries: 43463 Opens: 1264059 Flush tables: 1 Open tables: 7999 Queries per second avg: 677.364 [sqlstate] => 00000 [protocol_version] => 10 [thread_id] => 59645126 [warning_count] => 0 ) [host:ADB:private] => mysql [port:ADB:private] => 3306 [user:ADB:private] => c11_rdvl [password:ADB:private] => xpFnzQQ!8U [dbName:ADB:private] => c11_reddev [codePage:ADB:private] => utf8 [queriesCount:ADB:private] => 0 [queries:ADB:private] => Array ( ) [debugMode] => ) [settings:protected] => Array ( ) ) [isAjaxRequest:protected] => [articles] => AArticles Object ( [isBlog] => [type:AArticles:private] => 7 [imagepath:AArticles:private] => article/ [categoryId] => [tagId:AArticles:private] => [organizationId:AArticles:private] => [themeId:AArticles:private] => [personId:AArticles:private] => [ddate:AArticles:private] => [adate:AArticles:private] => [pageSize] => 20 [page:AArticles:private] => 1 [search:AArticles:private] => [pager] => Array ( [page] => 1 [pageSize] => 16 [count] => 0 ) [docId] => 0 [db:protected] => ADB Object ( [dbh:ADB:private] => mysqli Object ( [affected_rows] => -1 [client_info] => mysqlnd 5.0.12-dev - 20150407 - $Id: 3591daad22de08524295e1bd073aceeff11e6579 $ [client_version] => 50012 [connect_errno] => 0 [connect_error] => [errno] => 0 [error] => [error_list] => Array ( ) [field_count] => 6 [host_info] => mysql via TCP/IP [info] => [insert_id] => 0 [server_info] => 5.5.5-10.1.44-MariaDB-0ubuntu0.18.04.1 [server_version] => 100144 [stat] => Uptime: 4536610 Threads: 5 Questions: 3072938230 Slow queries: 43463 Opens: 1264059 Flush tables: 1 Open tables: 7999 Queries per second avg: 677.364 [sqlstate] => 00000 [protocol_version] => 10 [thread_id] => 59645126 [warning_count] => 0 ) [host:ADB:private] => mysql [port:ADB:private] => 3306 [user:ADB:private] => c11_rdvl [password:ADB:private] => xpFnzQQ!8U [dbName:ADB:private] => c11_reddev [codePage:ADB:private] => utf8 [queriesCount:ADB:private] => 0 [queries:ADB:private] => Array ( ) [debugMode] => ) [xml_type:protected] => 0 [settings:protected] => Array ( [SITE_NAME] => RedDVL [SLOGAN] => Автономный блог пользователей Северной Евразии [SITE_URL] => https://RedDVL.com/ [COPYRIGHT] => НАХОДИТСЯ В БАНЕРАХ [CONTACT_EMAIL] => info@reddevol.com [PAGE_SIZE] => 20 [LAST_COUNT] => 24 [RELATED_COUNT] => 12 [timestamp] => 1591436782 ) ) [persons] => APersons Object ( [articles:APersons:private] => [type:APersons:private] => 4 [imagepath:APersons:private] => person/ [pageSize] => 20 [pageRefsSize] => 2 [page:APersons:private] => 1 [search:APersons:private] => [letter] => [pager] => Array ( [page] => 1 [pageSize] => 16 [count] => 0 ) [refsPager] => Array ( [page] => 1 [pageSize] => 20 [count] => 0 ) [docId] => 0 [db:protected] => ADB Object ( [dbh:ADB:private] => mysqli Object ( [affected_rows] => -1 [client_info] => mysqlnd 5.0.12-dev - 20150407 - $Id: 3591daad22de08524295e1bd073aceeff11e6579 $ [client_version] => 50012 [connect_errno] => 0 [connect_error] => [errno] => 0 [error] => [error_list] => Array ( ) [field_count] => 6 [host_info] => mysql via TCP/IP [info] => [insert_id] => 0 [server_info] => 5.5.5-10.1.44-MariaDB-0ubuntu0.18.04.1 [server_version] => 100144 [stat] => Uptime: 4536610 Threads: 5 Questions: 3072938230 Slow queries: 43463 Opens: 1264059 Flush tables: 1 Open tables: 7999 Queries per second avg: 677.364 [sqlstate] => 00000 [protocol_version] => 10 [thread_id] => 59645126 [warning_count] => 0 ) [host:ADB:private] => mysql [port:ADB:private] => 3306 [user:ADB:private] => c11_rdvl [password:ADB:private] => xpFnzQQ!8U [dbName:ADB:private] => c11_reddev [codePage:ADB:private] => utf8 [queriesCount:ADB:private] => 0 [queries:ADB:private] => Array ( ) [debugMode] => ) [xml_type:protected] => 0 [settings:protected] => Array ( ) ) [regions] => ARegions Object ( [articles:ARegions:private] => [type:ARegions:private] => 6 [imagepath:ARegions:private] => region/ [pageSize] => 20 [pageRefsSize] => 2 [page:ARegions:private] => 1 [search:ARegions:private] => [letter] => [pager] => Array ( [page] => 1 [pageSize] => 16 [count] => 0 ) [refsPager] => Array ( [page] => 1 [pageSize] => 20 [count] => 0 ) [docId] => 0 [db:protected] => ADB Object ( [dbh:ADB:private] => mysqli Object ( [affected_rows] => -1 [client_info] => mysqlnd 5.0.12-dev - 20150407 - $Id: 3591daad22de08524295e1bd073aceeff11e6579 $ [client_version] => 50012 [connect_errno] => 0 [connect_error] => [errno] => 0 [error] => [error_list] => Array ( ) [field_count] => 6 [host_info] => mysql via TCP/IP [info] => [insert_id] => 0 [server_info] => 5.5.5-10.1.44-MariaDB-0ubuntu0.18.04.1 [server_version] => 100144 [stat] => Uptime: 4536610 Threads: 5 Questions: 3072938230 Slow queries: 43463 Opens: 1264059 Flush tables: 1 Open tables: 7999 Queries per second avg: 677.364 [sqlstate] => 00000 [protocol_version] => 10 [thread_id] => 59645126 [warning_count] => 0 ) [host:ADB:private] => mysql [port:ADB:private] => 3306 [user:ADB:private] => c11_rdvl [password:ADB:private] => xpFnzQQ!8U [dbName:ADB:private] => c11_reddev [codePage:ADB:private] => utf8 [queriesCount:ADB:private] => 0 [queries:ADB:private] => Array ( ) [debugMode] => ) [xml_type:protected] => 0 [settings:protected] => Array ( ) ) [themes] => AThemes Object ( [articles:AThemes:private] => AArticles Object ( [isBlog] => [type:AArticles:private] => 7 [imagepath:AArticles:private] => article/ [categoryId] => [tagId:AArticles:private] => [organizationId:AArticles:private] => [themeId:AArticles:private] => [personId:AArticles:private] => [ddate:AArticles:private] => [adate:AArticles:private] => [pageSize] => 20 [page:AArticles:private] => 1 [search:AArticles:private] => [pager] => Array ( [page] => 1 [pageSize] => 16 [count] => 0 ) [docId] => 0 [db:protected] => ADB Object ( [dbh:ADB:private] => mysqli Object ( [affected_rows] => -1 [client_info] => mysqlnd 5.0.12-dev - 20150407 - $Id: 3591daad22de08524295e1bd073aceeff11e6579 $ [client_version] => 50012 [connect_errno] => 0 [connect_error] => [errno] => 0 [error] => [error_list] => Array ( ) [field_count] => 6 [host_info] => mysql via TCP/IP [info] => [insert_id] => 0 [server_info] => 5.5.5-10.1.44-MariaDB-0ubuntu0.18.04.1 [server_version] => 100144 [stat] => Uptime: 4536610 Threads: 5 Questions: 3072938230 Slow queries: 43463 Opens: 1264059 Flush tables: 1 Open tables: 7999 Queries per second avg: 677.364 [sqlstate] => 00000 [protocol_version] => 10 [thread_id] => 59645126 [warning_count] => 0 ) [host:ADB:private] => mysql [port:ADB:private] => 3306 [user:ADB:private] => c11_rdvl [password:ADB:private] => xpFnzQQ!8U [dbName:ADB:private] => c11_reddev [codePage:ADB:private] => utf8 [queriesCount:ADB:private] => 0 [queries:ADB:private] => Array ( ) [debugMode] => ) [xml_type:protected] => 0 [settings:protected] => Array ( [SITE_NAME] => RedDVL [SLOGAN] => Автономный блог пользователей Северной Евразии [SITE_URL] => https://RedDVL.com/ [COPYRIGHT] => НАХОДИТСЯ В БАНЕРАХ [CONTACT_EMAIL] => info@reddevol.com [PAGE_SIZE] => 20 [LAST_COUNT] => 24 [RELATED_COUNT] => 12 [timestamp] => 1591436782 ) ) [type:AThemes:private] => 4 [imagepath:AThemes:private] => themes/ [pageSize] => 20 [pageRefsSize] => 20 [page:AThemes:private] => 1 [search:AThemes:private] => [letter] => [pager] => Array ( [page] => 1 [pageSize] => 16 [count] => 0 ) [refsPager] => Array ( [pagertitle] => [pagerurl] => /themess/ganza/ [count] => 2 [page] => 1 [pcount] => 1 [search] => [pageSize] => 20 ) [docId] => 146 [db:protected] => ADB Object ( [dbh:ADB:private] => mysqli Object ( [affected_rows] => -1 [client_info] => mysqlnd 5.0.12-dev - 20150407 - $Id: 3591daad22de08524295e1bd073aceeff11e6579 $ [client_version] => 50012 [connect_errno] => 0 [connect_error] => [errno] => 0 [error] => [error_list] => Array ( ) [field_count] => 6 [host_info] => mysql via TCP/IP [info] => [insert_id] => 0 [server_info] => 5.5.5-10.1.44-MariaDB-0ubuntu0.18.04.1 [server_version] => 100144 [stat] => Uptime: 4536610 Threads: 5 Questions: 3072938230 Slow queries: 43463 Opens: 1264059 Flush tables: 1 Open tables: 7999 Queries per second avg: 677.364 [sqlstate] => 00000 [protocol_version] => 10 [thread_id] => 59645126 [warning_count] => 0 ) [host:ADB:private] => mysql [port:ADB:private] => 3306 [user:ADB:private] => c11_rdvl [password:ADB:private] => xpFnzQQ!8U [dbName:ADB:private] => c11_reddev [codePage:ADB:private] => utf8 [queriesCount:ADB:private] => 0 [queries:ADB:private] => Array ( ) [debugMode] => ) [xml_type:protected] => 0 [settings:protected] => Array ( [SITE_NAME] => RedDVL [SLOGAN] => Автономный блог пользователей Северной Евразии [SITE_URL] => https://RedDVL.com/ [COPYRIGHT] => НАХОДИТСЯ В БАНЕРАХ [CONTACT_EMAIL] => info@reddevol.com [PAGE_SIZE] => 20 [LAST_COUNT] => 24 [RELATED_COUNT] => 12 [timestamp] => 1591436782 ) ) [organizations] => AOrganization Object ( [articles:AOrganization:private] => [type:AOrganization:private] => 4 [imagepath:AOrganization:private] => organization/ [pageSize] => 20 [pageRefsSize] => 2 [page:AOrganization:private] => 1 [search:AOrganization:private] => [letter] => [pager] => Array ( [page] => 1 [pageSize] => 16 [count] => 0 ) [refsPager] => Array ( [page] => 1 [pageSize] => 20 [count] => 0 ) [docId] => 0 [db:protected] => ADB Object ( [dbh:ADB:private] => mysqli Object ( [affected_rows] => -1 [client_info] => mysqlnd 5.0.12-dev - 20150407 - $Id: 3591daad22de08524295e1bd073aceeff11e6579 $ [client_version] => 50012 [connect_errno] => 0 [connect_error] => [errno] => 0 [error] => [error_list] => Array ( ) [field_count] => 6 [host_info] => mysql via TCP/IP [info] => [insert_id] => 0 [server_info] => 5.5.5-10.1.44-MariaDB-0ubuntu0.18.04.1 [server_version] => 100144 [stat] => Uptime: 4536610 Threads: 5 Questions: 3072938230 Slow queries: 43463 Opens: 1264059 Flush tables: 1 Open tables: 7999 Queries per second avg: 677.364 [sqlstate] => 00000 [protocol_version] => 10 [thread_id] => 59645126 [warning_count] => 0 ) [host:ADB:private] => mysql [port:ADB:private] => 3306 [user:ADB:private] => c11_rdvl [password:ADB:private] => xpFnzQQ!8U [dbName:ADB:private] => c11_reddev [codePage:ADB:private] => utf8 [queriesCount:ADB:private] => 0 [queries:ADB:private] => Array ( ) [debugMode] => ) [xml_type:protected] => 0 [settings:protected] => Array ( ) ) ) ---2